Roulette Tables: American and New Zealand online casinos in 2019 use two different types of tables: the standard table and the double-end table. Standard tables have the wheel placed at one end, whereas double-end tables have two betting layouts with the wheel situated between them in the center. They include a multi-colored design with specific number sequences and rectangular spaces for placing bets.
Roulette Balls: The balls used in Roulette are generally made from synthetic plastic or ivory. Average size is half an inch to three-quarter an inch in diameter.
Chips: Standard roulette tables use 5, 6 or 7 sets of chips with one set for each player. The sets are colored differently and consist of 300 chips.
Roulette Wheels: The American and French wheels are the two different Roulette wheel styles used today. The American wheel contains the 0 and 00 options in addition to 36 numbers. The French, or what is commonly called the European wheel, also has 36 numbers with the exception of the double 00. The difference between the two affects the probability of the outcome. The wheel itself is movable and spun manually by the croupier.
The origin of Roulette remains unclear. One theory attributes the creation of Roulette to Blaise Pascal, a 17th Century French mathematician, while others claim that the game was invented in China and brought to Europe by Dominican monks. In any case, the term ‘Roulette’ comes from the French word meaning ‘small wheel’.
The modern version of Roulette was created by Francois and Louis Blanc, two Frenchmen who invented the single ‘0’ Roulette game in 1842. In America, the single ‘0’ game was rejected and replaced with the ’00’ game, which gained immense popularity during the California Gold Rush. As a result, the two different wheels have been called the American Wheel and the French Wheel and can still be found today in casinos around the world.